Journal of Cryptology, Volume 15 (2002), pp 151--176.

Abstract:
We present a polynomial-time algorithm that provably recovers the
signer's secret DSA key when a few consecutive bits of the random nonces k
(used at each signature generation) are known for a number of DSA signatures
at most linear in \log q (q denoting as usual the small prime of DSA),
under a reasonable assumption on the hash function
used in DSA. For most significant or least significant bits,
the number of required bits is about \log^{1/2} q,
but can be decreased to \log \log q with a running time q^{O(1/\log \log
q)}
subexponential in \log q, and even further to 2 in polynomial time
if one assumes access to ideal lattice basis reduction,
namely an oracle for the lattice
closest vector problem for the infinity norm.
For arbitrary consecutive bits, the attack requires twice as many bits.
All previously known results were only heuristic,
including those of Howgrave-Graham and Smart who recently introduced that
topic. Our attack is based on a connection with the
{\em hidden number problem} (HNP)
introduced at Crypto~'96 by Boneh and Venkatesan in order to study
the bit-security of the Diffie--Hellman key exchange.
The HNP consists, given a prime number q,
of recovering a number \alpha \in \F_q such that
for many known random
t \in \F_q a certain approximation of
of t \alpha is known.
To handle the DSA case,
we extend Boneh and Venkatesan's results on the HNP
to the case where t has not necessarily perfectly uniform distribution,
and establish uniformity statements
on the DSA signatures, using exponential sum techniques.
The efficiency of our attack has been validated experimentally,
and illustrates once again the fact that one
should be very cautious with the pseudo-random generation
of the nonce within DSA.